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Home & Community

Find the names and general locations of Asheville neighborhoods and Western North Carolina neighboring towns and cities.
History at Hand     Coalition of Asheville Neighborhoods     Downtown Asheville Association    Mountain Housing Opportunities     City of Asheville     Welcome to West Asheville      Urban News – Gateway to the Multicultural Community


A Reason to Celebrate Morning Sickness?

Morning sickness does not have a stellar reputation. You’d be hard-pressed to find a woman who recalls nausea or vomiting during pregnancy (morning sickness) with fondness. Yet a new study finds that there may be an “upside” to these symptoms: a lower risk of miscarriage and stillbirth.

Researchers at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHHD) studied a group of approximately 800 women, all of whom had experienced at least one or two prior pregnancy losses, and found that those who experienced nausea (with or without vomiting) had fewer pregnancy losses.  Continue reading

*The Block Off Biltmore – restaurant, social club, gathering place

MISSION of THE BLOCK off biltmore

To be a place for people to converge in order to build community and inclusive friendships between diverse movements, where social justice issues are discussed, actions formulated, and deep, healing magic happens.

Radical magic is created through a compassionate, comfortable, cruelty-free atmosphere, along with music, art, spoken word, film and other conscious, value-driven events. Fun, laughter, friendship, unity, empowerment and action are the ultimate byproducts.

We have a lot of exciting & enjoyable types of events at THE BLOCK off biltmore. Stay tuned to our website and please sign up for our e-newsletter (see bottom of webpage) to stay up to date. See you soon!

WNC BIRTH CENTER – a 501(c)(3) organization

WNC Birth Center is the first of its kind in our region to provide comprehensive primary and preventive care from adolescence through menopause and beyond to women seeking high-quality, personalized healthcare in a homelike  environment. Complete maternity care, from pregnancy planning through childbirth, postpartum and breastfeeding, is an important component of our services and is available to all pregnant women with a low-risk pregnancy.

WNC Birth Center believes:

*Compassionate care for women of all ages is beneficial to the family and society

*Birth is a normal process that is enhanced by a safe, familiar and relaxing environment

*Education, knowledge and evidence-based practices form the foundation of optimal health

*Family participation is an important aspect of quality patient care

*Breastmilk is the optimal food for babies

*Raising awareness about midwifery, normal birth and birth center care is one of our priorities

*Education of medical residents and midwifery students results in better healthcare for many who never enter our birth center

*Everyone deserves respect regardless of age, race, ethnicity, religion, socio-economic status, gender, sexual orientation or marital status

*All women have the right to quality healthcare and the unique services offered at our center. 

For more information visit our website WNC Birth Center    

*WNC Birth Center is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization. All donations are tax deductible to the fullest extent of the law.

Photo credit:  Seana Berglund at Babymoon Birth Services


Urban Wire Gender and Sexuality: It’s about more than just bathrooms


The voices of Urban Institute’s researchers and staff

The NBA recently announced that it was moving its 2017 All-Star Game from North Carolina in protest of a state law requiring people to use public bathrooms that correspond to the gender listed on their birth certificates. With that decision, the NBA joined several organizations and corporations that have taken action in response to North Carolina’s House Bill 2. Opponents of the law have called for boycotts of the state, urging people not to travel to North Carolina for business or pleasure. And the federal government has threatened to withhold roughly $4.8 billion in federal grants and contracts. 

Featured Book TRANSFORMING HATE: AN ARTIST’S BOOK – 2016 by Clarissa T. Sligh

Transforming Hate is a project comprised of folded origami cranes, photographs, installations, artist books, other image-text narratives, and workshops with local community organizations. In this work, historical elements are used as a framing device to construct the evolution of our shared identity… Origami cranes were folded from pages of white supremacist books.

Our Racist, Sexist Selves

To my horror, I turn out to be a racist.

The University of Chicago offers an on-line psychological test in which you encounter a series of 100 black or white men, holding either guns or cellphones. You’re supposed to shoot the gunmen and holster your gun for the others.

I shot armed blacks in an average of 0.679 seconds, while I waited slightly longer — .694 seconds — to shoot armed whites. Conversely, I holstered my gun more quickly when encountering unarmed whites than unarmed blacks. Continue reading

Youth OUTright Adds Middle School Group

In the past few months, Youth Outright (YO) has received many inquiries regarding the need for services for middle school aged youth.  In order to meet that need, YO created a new monthly group specifically for middle school aged LGBTQ youth. 

2017The first meeting of this group will be held on May 2, from 11 am – 1 pm at the Youth Outright office, First Congregational United Church of Christ, 20 Oak Street, downtown Asheville. 

 The first hour of this group will serve as an opportunity for youth and their parents or guardians to meet YO staff and learn more about the organization while helping youth begin to feel comfortable in YO’s space.  At noon, parents and youth will split into two groups.  Parents will have the opportunity to meet with YO staff and a board member.  This will be a safe place for parents to ask questions or to have any concerns addressed. Concurrently, youth will meet with YO staff and facilitators for a discussion and activities focused on rapport building and helping  youth feel comfortable in the YO space.
Any questions?
Youth OUTright, WNC, Inc., a 501c-3, not-for-profit organization, offers discussion groups and social activities for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and questioning youth, ages 14 through 23. Topics and activities are led by two trained facilitators. Youth OUTright’s mission is to empower LGBTQ youth to be confident and vital members of the greater community. 

For additional information, please visit:

EPA Tackles Five of the Worst Chemicals Under the Lautenberg Act

Washington, DC — Today EPA identified five chemicals that will receive “expedited action” under the new Lautenberg Chemical Safety Act. The provision of the law requiring this action was a priority for Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families during the legislative debate. It applies only to a small number of the chemicals that are known to be Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (“PBT”). These chemicals pose unique threats to public health and the environment because they do not break down in the environment and they build up in the food chain, including in the human body.  

Domestic Violence – Know the Signs

Know the Signs

Domestic violence is often more than just physical abuse. It encompasses sexual, emotional, economic and psychological violence. Initially, identifying the signs of an abusive relationship can be difficult, especially if the abuser uses subtle tactics to gain power and control.  It is very common for survivors to recognize the beginning of the abuse as the first time the abusers hit them, but really the cycle of violence may have started early on in the relationship. Perpetrators tend to be charming and very convincing when exerting power and control tactics. However, understanding common occurrences or patterns in an unhealthy relationship and being able to begin an informed conversation is a major step to healing and helping others to join in understanding why and how domestic violence occurs.


Nutrition Affairs by Laura Buxenbaum – Southeast Dairy Association

The brain has become a popular topic lately with studies around sugar cravings, fatigue and Alzheimer’s disease. Is science proving that the brain is the biggest determinant of consumers’ weight, nutrition and overall health?Laura Buxenbaum, M.P.H., R.D., L.D.N., can help your audience make sense of the latest research to help fight fatigue, be savvy about sugar use and keep their minds sharp.

Laura Buxenbaum, M.P.H., R.D., L.D.N.
Southeast Dairy Association

  • Feed Your Brain: Consumers consider brain health the second most important component in maintaining a healthy lifestyle after heart health. While there has been much research linking diet to heart health, we have had less information about diet and the reduction of dementia until recently. A study released this year showed it’s possible to reduce the risk of cognitive decline with a combination of a healthy diet, strength training, aerobic exercise, brain games, weight and blood pressure control. Additionally, researchers are finding that nutrients in specific foods such as berries, nuts and milk may reduce the effects of age-related conditions like Alzheimer’s disease. Laura can explain the research and provide tips on the best foods to boost brain power.
  • Are You Sugar Savvy?: According to the World Health Organization, America’s sweet tooth has grown 39 percent over the past five decades, with the average American now consuming three pounds of sugar each week (156 pounds a year). But for many, sugar has become public enemy number one and some parents have decided to eliminate sugar completely from their families’ diets. Unfortunately, this may have a backlash later as children grow up fixated on sugar. Laura can give your audience tips to be “sugar savvy” and techniques to manage sugar cravings when they hit.
  • Fight Fatigue with Food: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that 10-15 percent of adults said they felt very tired, fatigued or exhausted. Most stated having too much to do and not enough time to do it, but often the true culprits are what we eat, how we sleep and how we cope emotionally. Laura will provide your audience with specific steps to take and foods that can help to fight fatigue!

Laura Buxenbaum is a registered dietitian and the assistant director of Nutrition Affairs for the Southeast Dairy Association with experience in clinical dietetics and nutrition education. She is responsible for developing and conducting nutrition education programs for health professionals and has appeared on numerous television and radio programs and in print interviews throughout North Carolina and Virginia. Laura received a Bachelor of Science degree in psychology from Guilford College and a master’s degree in public health and nutrition from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She is a Greensboro District Dietetic Association board member and an active member of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the Sports, Cardiovascular and Wellness Nutrition Group.

FAMILY JUSTICE CENTER Buncombe County North Carolina

A Path to Strength, Safety & Hope



  • Help from experts that can help you figure out how find safety and how to move forward
  • Law enforcement officials to help you with possible criminal charges, gather evidence and information on how the criminal court process works.
  • Legal services with on-site attorneys and legal assistants to help you understand your legal rights and protections and help you navigate the judicial system.
  • Forensic medical exams by a specially trained nurse to exam and document the extent of your injuries.
  • Assistance with creating a safety plan for you and your family.
  • Emotional support, counseling and case managers that can support you in healing from the emotional impacts of violence.

Walk-in Welcomed:  35 Woodfin St.   Asheville, NC  28801

Call for an appointment: 828.250.6900   FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS click here:   

My Sistah Taught Me That – the girl’s developmental program in Asheville

My Sistah Taught Me That (MSTMT) is a young girl’s developmental program designed to encourage, inspire, educate, and empower young girls ages 11-19 with a special focus on girls growing up in single parent homes without their father.  This program was created so young ladies in Buncombe County and surrounding areas in Western North Carolina may have the chance to be exposed to professional leaders in our community who are dedicated to providing opportunities, open dialogue, and exposure to things they wouldn’t routinely do, with the intent of helping them grow and mature.

How public campaign finance can address growing inequality

Numerous studies have shown that those giving the most to political campaigns are predominantly white, male, older and wealthy. For example, anInstitute for Southern Studies reportfound that 95 percent of the biggest donors to a number of key federal races in the 2014 and 2016 election cycles were non-Hispanic whites. Other recent studies, such as Demos’ “Stacked Deck” and Every Voice’s “Color of Money“, discovered that most large donations to federal candidates came from wealthy, majority-white areas.

A homogeneous political donor class affects public policy. A 2014 paper by Martin Gilens and Benjamin Page found that the wealthiest 10 percent of Americans — mostly white — were 15 times more likely than the general population to have their policy preferences enacted. Continue reading

Women in the World 2012: Meryl Streep’s Tribute to Hillary Clinton


Women in the World 2012: Meryl Streep’s Tribute to Hillary Clinton – It launched with the sound of a young girl’s voice, calling a hotline for women forced into marriage, her words spanning across the giant stage at New York’s Lincoln Center. The girl was British, but she’d overheard her parents talking about shipping her off to Pakistan—for a forced marriage. “Put a spoon in your underwear,” we hear a woman tell her. The audience is puzzled. “When you go through airport security,” the woman continues, “the alarm will sound, and you can tell the guard your story.”

Why Cities Should Care about Family Financial Security

A city is only as strong as the people who live in it. When residents struggle to make ends meet, cities can too.

Over the course of a year, roughly one in four American families at all income levels will lose a job, experience a sharp drop in income, or suffer an injury or illness that limits the ability to work.

“This isn’t just a low-income issue, it’s a middle-income issue, and to some extent, it’s also a high-income issue,” said Caroline Ratcliffe, senior fellow at the Urban Institute.

For families, these income disruptions mean being more likely to miss housing or utility payments, receive public benefits, and, worst-case scenario, be evicted from their homes. Evictions in particular can have long-term effects on families, especially children.

Asheville & Western North Carolina Bibliography

This is a listing of books about Asheville and Western North Carolina. Please feel free to suggest additions or changes to the author:

[Southern railway company] [from old catalog]. The Land of the Sky, Western North Carolina. [New York,: American bank note co., 1914.

Adallis, Dio. Thirtieth Anniversary Historical Brochure of Asheville Greek-American Community. [Asheville? N.C.,, 1935.

Allen, Martha Norburn. Asheville and the Land of the Sky. Rev. and enl. ed. Charlotte,: Heritage House, 1960.

Allen, W. C. North Carolina History Stories. Richmond,: B.F. Johnson publishing company, 1901.

American agricultural and mineral land company. [from old catalog]. Letters and Reports on Western North Carolina. New York,: G. E. Sears, stationer and printer, 1868.

American institute of electrical engineers. [from old catalog]. Papers to Be Presented at 22d… Convention… Asheville, N.C., June, 1905. [n.p.], 1905.

Arnold, L. M., Anna Addams McDonald, and Robert Thomas Newcomb. History of the Origin of All Things, Given by the Lord Thy God through His Holy Medium, L. M. Arnold, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 1851. 2 vols. Asheville, N.C.: Biltmore Press, 1936.

Arthur, John Preston. Western North Carolina; a History, 1730-1913. Spartanburg, S.C.,: Reprint Co., 1973.

Arthur, John Preston, and National Society Daughters of the American Revolution of North Carolina. Edward Buncombe Chapter Asheville. Western North Carolina; a History (1730-1913). Raleigh, N.C.,: Edwards & Broughton printing company, 1914.

Ashe, W. W. The Possibilities of a Maple Sugar Industry in Western North Carolina. Winston: M. I. and J. C. Stewart, public printers and binders, 1897.

Asheville N.C. Board of trade. [from old catalog]. Asheville, North Carolina, America’s Beauty Spot. Asheville,: Hackney & Moale co., 1915.

Association of State Floodplain Managers. Conference (14th : 1990 : Asheville N.C.). Challenges Ahead : Flood Loss Reduction Strategies for the 90’s : Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Conference of the Association of State Floodplain Managers, June 11-15, 1990, Asheville, North Carolina. Boulder, CO

Madison, WI: Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center, Institute of Behavioral Science

Association of State Floodplain Managers, 1991.

Bailey, Evelyn Hope. Parkway Playhouse : History of a Western North Carolina Summer Theatre. [Burnsville, N.C.]: E.H. Bailey, 1999.

Ballard, B. Vincent. Tatham Narrative, 1735-1983 : The Tatham Family of South-West Virginia and Western North Carolina. [Cary, N.C.]: B.V. Ballard, 1987.

Ballew, Bill. Baseball in Asheville. Images of Baseball. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2004.

—. A History of Professional Baseball in Asheville. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2007.

Barlowe, Texie Horton. The Hortons of Western North Carolina. [Lenoir, N.C.: T.H. Barlowe, 1934.

Barnes, Judy. Coasting the Mountains : A Guide to Western North Carolina. Gretna: Pelican Pub., 2001.

Barnett, John C., and Marian S. Carson Collection (Library of Congress). Circular to the Freedmen of Western North Carolina and Adjoining Districts of South Carolina. [Charlotte, N.C.: Freedmen’s Bureau, 1865.

Bartlett, Richard A. Troubled Waters : Champion International and the Pigeon River Controversy. Outdoor Tennessee Series. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1995.

Battle, Kemp P. The Lord Proprietors of Carolina. [Raleigh,: E.M. Uzzell & Co., printers, 1904.

Bayley, William Shirley. Deposits of Brown Iron Ores (Brown Hematite) in Western North Carolina. Raleigh,: Edwards & Broughton Printing Co., 1925.

Bayley, William S. Magnetic Iron Ores of East Tennessee and Western North Carolina. Nashville,, 1923.

Bayley, William Shirley, and Tennessee. Division of Geology. Magnetic Iron Ores of East Tennessee and Western North Carolina. [Chapel Hill]: North Carolina Geological and economic survey, 1923.

Bell, Lisa, Lynda McDaniel, and Tim Barnwell. Asheville, a View from the Top. 1st ed. Montgomery, Ala.: Community Communications, 1996.

Bennett, David Parker. “A Study in Fiddle Tunes from Western North Carolina.” Thesis (M A ). University of North Carolina., 1940.

Berkowitz, Steven J. On-Site Wastewater Treatment Problems and Alternatives for Western North Carolina. [Raleigh, N.C.]: Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina, 1981.

Beverley, Robert. The Western North Carolina Almanac and Book of Lists. 1st ed. Franklin, N.C.: Sanctuary Press, 1991.

—. The Western North Carolina Almanac and Book of Lists. 2nd ed. Franklin, N.C.: Sanctuary Press, 1993.

Bishir, Catherine W., Michael T. Southern, and Jennifer F. Martin. A Guide to the Historic Architecture of Western North Carolina. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Black, David R., and James Sumner. Historic Architectural Resources of Downtown Asheville, North Carolina. Asheville, N.C.

Raleigh, N.C.: City of Asheville ;

Division of Archives and History, North Carolina Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1979.

Blackmun, Ora. Western North Carolina, Its Mountains and Its People to 1880. Boone, N.C.: Appalachian Consortium Press, 1977.

Block, Frank E. “Dalton Family of Western Nc.” 2006. Frank E. Block.

—. Johnson, Dalton, Staton of Western North Carolina : Working Paper with Some Account of Arledge, Blackwell, Boone, Capps, Corn, Henderson, Holbert, Lankford, Stover, Walker, and Other Families of Western North Carolina. Atlanta, GA (32 Pointe Terrace, Atlanta 30339): F.E. Block, 1989.

Blue Ridge Bicycle Club (Asheville N.C.). Road Bike Asheville, North Carolina : Favorite Rides of the Blue Ridge Bicycle Club. Almond, N.C.: WMC Pub., 1997.

Boyd, Brian. Waterfalls of the Southern Appalachians : A Viewer’s Guide to 40 Waterfalls of Northern Georgia, Western North Carolina & Western South Carolina. Conyers, GA: Ferncreek Press, 1990.

Boyd, William Kenneth, and Joseph Grégoire de Roulhac Hamilton. A Syllabus of North Carolina History, 1584-1876. Durham, N.C.,: The Seeman printery, 1913.

Brettell, Caroline. Constructing Borders/Crossing Boundaries : Race, Ethnicity, and Immigration. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2007.

Brookshire, William F. Genealogy: De[S]Cendants of Joel and Nancy Brookshire, Western North Carolina. Lenoir, N.C.,: Smith Print. Co., 1969.

Browder, Nathaniel C. The Cherokee Indians and Those Who Came After : Notes for a History of the People Who Settled Western North Carolina. Hayesville, NC: Browder, 1973.

Brown, W. Vance. A Plan for the General Property Tax as Advocated by the Asheville Board of Trade. [n.p.], 1916.

Brunk, Robert S. May We All Remember Well : A Journal of the History & Culture of Western North Carolina. Ashville, N.C.: Robert S. Brunk Auction Services, Inc., 2001.

Bumgarner, George William, and James Elwood Carroll. The Flowering of Methodism in Western North Carolina. An American Methodist bicentennial ed. Charlotte, N.C.: Commission on Archives and History of the Western North Carolina Conference of the United Methodist Church, 1984.

Buncombe County bar Asheville N.C. [from old catalog], and John P. Arthur. Proceedings of the Bar of Asheville, July 28, 1902, Upon the Death of Honorable Thomas Dillard Johnston; Being the Resolutions Adopted and the Memorial Address. [Asheville? N.C.,, 1902.

Buttitta, Tony. After the Good Gay Times; Asheville, Summer of ’35, a Season with F. Scott Fitzgerald. New York,: Viking Press, 1974.

Camp, Cordelia. Fifty Years of Pioneering in Education : And Some Outstanding Personalities of the Period in Western North Carolina. Asheville, N.C.: A. S. McMillan, 1974.

Campbell, Robert F. Mission Work among the Mountain Whites in Asheville Presbytery, N.C. [n.p.], 1899.

Carter, Ted. Ted Carter’s Vest Pocket History of Asheville and Western North Carolina : For Tar Heels, Originals or Retreads. 2 vols. [s.l.]: T. Carter, 1978.

Caudle, Virginia, and United Methodist Church (U.S.). Western North Carolina Conference. Albemarle District. The History of Peachland United Methodist Church, 1880-1994 : Albemarle District, Western North Carolina Conference, the United Methodist Church. Peachland, N.C.: The Church, 1995.

Chait, William, and Ruth Warneke. A Survey of the Public Libraries of Asheville and Buncombe County, North Carolina. Chicago,: American Library Association, 1965.

Chapman, Reid, and Deborah Miles. Asheville and Western North Carolina in World War II. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Pub., 2006.

Chase, Nan K. Asheville : A History. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., 2007.

Chase, Richard, Herbert Halpert, and Berkeley Williams. The Jack Tales. [Boston]: Houghton Mifflin, 1943.

—. The Jack Tales. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2003.

Chen, David Y. The Seasonal Tourist Accommodation Industry in Western North Carolina : A Report to Resort Owner/Operators. Greensboro, N.C.: The University, 1976.

Chen, David Y., North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University., and United States. Cooperative State Research Service. A Factor Analysis on Perceived Quality of Life in Western North Carolina. Greensboro, N.C.: The University, 1978.

Clark, Elmer Talmage, and Methodist Church (U.S.). Western North Carolina Conference. Methodism in Western North Carolina. [s.l.]: Western North Carolina Conference, Methodist Church, 1966.

Coker, Robert Ervin. New Genus of Darter from Western North Carolina. Washington,: Govt. print. off., 1926.

Collier, Robert. The Asheville Stake Story : One Hundred Fifty Years Growth O. Franklin, NC: Genealogy Publishing Service, 1997.

Colton, Henry E. Mountain Scenery. The Scenery of the Mountains of Western North Carolina and Northwestern South Carolina. Raleigh, N.C.,

Philadelphia,: W.L. Pomeroy;

Hayes & Zell, 1859.

Compton, Stephen C. Early Tourism in Western North Carolina. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia, 2004.

Cooper, Susan Fenimore. William West Skiles; a Sketch of Missionary Life at Valle Crucis in Western North Carolina, 1842-1862. New York,: J. Pott & co., 1890.

Cornelius, Wayne L., and North Carolina. Ambient Monitoring Section. Air Quality in Western North Carolina and Surrounding Areas : Recent Annual Trends. [Raleigh, N.C.]: Ambient Monitoring Section, North Carolina Division of Air Quality, 1999.

Craine, Lloyd Bascombe. The First of the Roberts and Crane Families Who Settled in Western North Carolina and Some of Their Descendants. [St. Paul], 1955.

Creecy, Richard Benbury. Grandfather’s Tales of North Carolina History. Raleigh,: Edwards & Broughton, Printers, 1901.

—. Grandfather’s Tales of North Carolina History. North Carolina Heritage Series,. [Spartanburg, S.C.,: Reprint Co., 1965.

Crow, Jeffrey J., and Larry E. Tise. Writing North Carolina History. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.

Deweese, Charles W. The Power of Freedom : First Baptist Church, Asheville, North Carolina, 1829-1997. Franklin, Tenn.: Providence House, 1997.

Dodson, John Dudley, E. C. Pasour, and R. C. Wells. An Economic Adjustment Study of Dairy Farms in Western North Carolina. Economics Information Report. Raleigh,: Dept. of Economics, North Carolina State University, 1971.

Dugger, Shepherd Monroe. The Balsam Groves of the Grandfather Mountain; a Tale of the Western North Carolina Mountains, Together with Information Relating to the Section and Its Hotels, Also a Vocabulary of Indian Names and a List of Altitudes of Important Mountains, Etc. Banner Elk [N.C.]: S.M. Dugger, 1907.

Easterby, James Harold. The Study of North Carolina History. Columbia.: Historical Commission of South Carolina, 1951.

Eggleston. Asheville and Vicinity, a Handbook of Information. Atlanta,: Franklin print. & pub. co., 1897.

Ellison, George. Mountain Passages : Natural and Cultural History of Western North Carolina and the Great Smoky Mountains. Charleston, SC: History Press, 2005.

Eubanks, Georgann, and Donna Campbell. Literary Trails of the North Carolina Mountains : A Guidebook. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007.

Ferrell, Mallory Hope. Tweetsie Country : The East Tennessee & Western North Carolina Railroad. 1st ed. Boulder, Colo.: Pruett Pub. Co., 1976.

Fields, Jay, and Brad Campbell. The Craft Heritage Trails of Western North Carolina. Asheville, N.C.: HandMade in America, 1996.

Finley, William W. The Development of Western North Carolina. [n.p.], 1911.

Fitts, William Thrower. A History of Central Methodist Church, Asheville, North Carolina, 1837-1967. Asheville, N.C., 1968.

Fowler, T. M., and Charles Hart Litho. Asheville, Buncombe Co. N.C. 1912. Passaic, N.J.,, 1912.

Garren, Terrell T. Mountain Myth : Unionism in Western North Carolina. Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Co., Publishers, 2006.

—. The Secret of War : A Dramatic History of Civil War Crime in Western North Carolina. original ed. Spartanburg, SC: Reprint Co., 2004.

Gatchell, Horatio P. Western North Carolina ; Its Agricultural Resources, Mineral Wealth, Climate, Salubrity and Scenery. Milwaukee,, 1870.

Gatchell, H. P., and Edwin A. Gatchell. Western North Carolina; Its Resources, Climate, Scenery and Salubrity. New York,: A. L. Chatterton, 1885.

Gleitsmann, W. Western North Carolina as a Health Resort. Baltimore,: Sherwood & co., 1876.

Gleitsmann, William, and YA Pamphlet Collection (Library of Congress). Mountain Sanitarium for Pulmonary Diseases, Asheville, North Carolina. [Baltimore: W. Gleitsmann, 1875.

Goodloe, Daniel R. The North Carolina and Georgia Boundary. [Raleigh,: E.M. Uzzell & Co., printers, 1904.

Graham, Robert Lee, and Lois Parker Graham. The Keeper of the Parks : Parker Family of Western North Carolina. Morganton, N.C.: R. L. and L.P. Graham, 2007.

Gravatt, Andrea R. The Asheville Alphabet Book. Alexander, NC: WorldComm, 1995.

Gray, Idyl Dial, and Carolina Souvenir Booklet Association. Azure-Lure, a Romance of the Mountains; Souvenir of Asheville and Western North Carolina. Library ed. Asheville, N.C.: Advocate Publishing Co., 1924.

Green, Irv, and Andrea Gross. Handcrafted in the Blue Ridge : Discovering the Crafts, Artisans, and Studios of Western North Carolina. 1st ed. Atlanta: Peachtree Publishers, 1997.

Greenberg, Sue, and Jan Kahn. Asheville : A Postcard History. Images of America. Dover, N.H.: Arcadia, 1997.

Griffin, Clarence W. Western North Carolina Sketches. Forest City, N.C.,: The Forest City courier, 1941.

Hagebak, Hawk. Motorcycle Adventures in the Southern Appalachians : Asheville, Nc, the Blue Ridge Parkway, Nc Highcountry. Almond, NC: Milestone Press, 2002.

—. Motorcycle Adventures in the Southern Appalachians : North Georgia, Western North Carolina, East Tennessee. Almond, NC: Milestone Press, 2001.

Hammond, Mary Ellen, and Jim Parham. Natural Adventures in the Mountains of Western North Carolina. Almond, NC: Milestone Press, 1999.

Harshaw, Lou. Asheville. Asheville, NC: Bright Mountain Books, 1980.

—. Asheville : Mountain Majesty. Fairview, N.C.: Bright Mountain Books, 2007.

Helper, Hinton A. [Western North Carolina … ]. [New York,, 1886.

—. Western North Carolina : Nature’s Trundle-Bed of Recuperation for Tourist and Health-Seeker. New York: South Pub., 1886.

Highsmith, William Edward. The University of North Carolina at Asheville : The First Sixty Years. [Asheville, N.C.]: University of North Carolina at Asheville, 1991.

Holmes, J. S., and United States. Forest Service. Forest Conditions in Western North Carolina. Raleigh,: Edwards & Broughton printing company, 1911.

Horton, James H., et al. Our Mountain Heritage : Essays on the Natural and Cultural History of Western North Carolina. [Cullowhee? N.C.]: North Carolina Humanities Committee, Western Carolina University, 1979.

Hughson, Walter. The Church’s Mission to the Mountaineers of the South. Hartford, Conn.,: Church missions publishing company, 1908.

Hunter, Charles E., Lewis J. Hash, and North Carolina. Division of Mineral Resources. Halloysite Deposits of Western North Carolina. [Raleigh], 1949.

Hunter, C. L. Sketches of Western North Carolina, Historical and Biographical. Raleigh,: The Raleigh news steam job print, 1877.

—. Sketches of Western North Carolina, Historical and Biographical; Illustrating Principally the Revolutionary Period of Mecklenburg, Rowan, Lincoln, and Adjoining Counties, Accompanied with Miscellaneous Information. Baltimore,: Regional Pub. Co., 1970.

Ingram, C. Denise, Patrick B. Durst, and Southeastern Forest Experiment Station (Asheville N.C.). Marketing Nature-Oriented Tourism for Rural Development and Wildlands Management in Developing Countries : A Bibliography. Asheville, N.C.: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, 1987.

Inscoe, John C. Mountain Masters, Slavery, and the Sectional Crisis in Western North Carolina. 1st ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1989.

Inscoe, John C., and Gordon B. McKinney. The Heart of Confederate Appalachia : Western North Carolina in the Civil War. Civil War America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2000.

Jenkins, Mark. Historical Sketch of Calvary Episcopal Church : Organized 1857, Built 1859, Fletcher, North Carolina, Diocese of Western North Carolina. Fletcher, N.C.: The Parish, 1959.

John F. Blair Publisher. Boogers and Boo-Daddies : The Best of Blair’s Ghost Stories. Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair, Publisher, 2004.

Jones, H. G. North Carolina History : An Annotated Bibliography. Bibliographies of the States of the United States,. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1995.

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Recipe: Marian’s Chocolate Pie

My mother and my sister, who was like a mother to me in the early years of my life, were both wonderful cooks and were especially talented at making delicious, tempting sweets that would curl any sweet tooth. I am sharing this particular recipe in honor of my sister who recently left this world of existence. I will share other recipes in the future that belong to my mother, my sister, and/or me.

This is the best chocolate pie I have ever eaten. In fact, once you eat a piece of this pie, the taste of all other chocolate pies will pale in comparison, to the point that you may opt out of eating a piece of any other chocolate pie. All of this is to say, be careful if you choose to prepare and eat a piece of this pie because it may well spoil all others for you. Caution — my mother and my sister both measured amounts by eye and hand, seldom by measuring spoon or cup. When it says an amount below it means heaping, e.g. 1 Tab. is 1 heaping tablespoon.

Mix together in a 4 quart pan:

1 cup sugar
4 Tabs. cocoa and add 2 cups pet milk*
2 Tabs. flour 1 tsp. salt

Mix the above together thoroughly, then begin heating the mixture, stirring to keep the mixture from sticking to the bottom of the pan. Better yet, use a double boiler for cooking.

Once the pan mixture has warmed, put 3 egg yolks (save the egg whites for the meringue) in a dish and lightly whip them; then gradually add several spoonfuls of the above warmed mixture and mix well with the yolks. Then add the dish mixture to the pan mixture very gradually, stirring constantly in order to keep the mixture from clumping (you have to be very vigilant with this and even then you may get some clumps). Cook until it bubbles, then quickly add 1 large Tab. butter and 1 tsp. vanilla; stir in, and then pour into a baked, slightly browned pie shell.

Take the 3 saved egg whites and beat until they peak when you spoon at it; add 1 cup sugar (or Splenda) and, if desired ¼ tsp. cream of tartar. Ice the top of the pie with this meringue mixture and brown lightly in a 425 degree F. oven.

Save the cooking pan for someone to “lick.” As kids we would lick the pan so clean that it almost didn’t need to be washed!

*You can substitute fat free or 2% milk, but it is not nearly as good.

As for the pie shell, the best pie shell is a homemade pie shell, but the ones from the grocery store will do. Home made pie shells are best because you can make them very short, flaky and tender (yum, yum). Here is a recipe for such a pie shell:

Mix together:
2 cups un-sifted flour or 2 ½ cups sifted flour
1 tsp. salt
¼ cup cold water
2/3 cup Crisco or those healthier substitutes that are now available

You can cut in the Crisco using 2 knives or mix with a pastry blender.

You may want to chill the dough for 10 to 15 minutes; it is so short that it is a little hard to work with, so chilling helps sometimes.

Roll out on a floured surface and fit into the pie pan. Preheat oven to 425 degrees F. Start crust out at 425 then within 3 minutes, reduce the heat to 350 degrees F. and bake until lightly browned; this allows the crust to set and then be browned.

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